Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting the insulating part of the nerves and disrupting the transmission of signals to the muscles. As muscles work through signals being carried down the nerves, this affects movement.
Diagnosis of MS is complex and as inflammation can occur anywhere in the central nervous system (CNS) there are many different symptoms that vary from person to person.
The three main types of multiple sclerosis:
• Relapsing remitting (when the person has ’bouts’ of MS that are difficult periods, followed by some recovery)
• Primary progressive
• Secondary progressive (a stage that may come after relapsing remitting)
• Benign MS
Multiple sclerosis can cause pain, muscle spasms, changes in posture and coordination, reduced strength and balance and muscle stiffness. The course of the disease is impossible to predict, so neurological physiotherapist work with each individual to address their particular issues and ameliorate their symptoms.
Specialist neurological physiotherapy and in particular hands on neurological physiotherapy can provide treatment for all of these symptoms.